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Comparative Effectiveness of Antibiotic Treatment Strategies for Pediatric Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections.
Posted Date: 11/29/2011 6:22:00 PM
Issue: Emergency Medicine - November 30, 2011 - Vol. 38 - No. 8
Author(s): Anthony R. Flores, MD, PhD, MPH

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Potentially Inappropriate Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections in Two Rhode Island Nursing Homes.
Posted Date: 11/29/2011 6:22:00 PM
Issue: Emergency Medicine - November 30, 2011 - Vol. 38 - No. 8
Author(s): Samuel Shelburne, MD
The prescribing of antibiotics for urinary tract infection in nursing home patients can be significantly improved.
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Adjunctive Use of Intravitreal Dexamethasone in Presumed Bacterial Endophthalmitis: A Randomised Trial.
Posted Date: 11/28/2011 5:09:00 PM
Issue: Ophthalmology - November 30, 2011 - Vol. 31 - No. 2
Author(s): Scott D. Smith, MD, MPH
Intravitreal injection of 0.4 mg of dexamethasone, given in conjunction with antibiotics, may improve visual outcome following bacterial endophthalmitis.
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Antimicrobial Resistance and Ophthalmic Antibiotics: 1-Year Results of a Longitudinal Controlled Study of Patients Undergoing Intravitreal Injections.
Posted Date: 11/28/2011 5:09:00 PM
Issue: Ophthalmology - November 30, 2011 - Vol. 31 - No. 2
Author(s): Michael S. Lee, MD
Routine topical antibiotics for intravitreal injections result in resistant conjunctival flora.
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Predictors of Relapse of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia After Treatment With Vancomycin.
Posted Date: 11/21/2011 4:28:00 PM
Issue: Infectious Disease - November 30, 2011 - Vol. 5 - No. 3
Author(s): Samuel Shelburne, MD

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Evaluation of Hospital Room Assignment and Acquisition of Clostridium difficile Infection.
Posted Date: 6/17/2011 3:00:00 PM
Issue: Infectious Disease - June 30, 2011 - Vol. 4 - No. 9
Author(s): Stephen B. Greenberg, MD
Clostridium difficile is not easily removed from the hospital room environment.
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Improving Antimicrobial Stewardship: The Evolution of Programmatic Strategies and Barriers.
Posted Date: 6/17/2011 3:00:00 PM
Issue: Infectious Disease - June 30, 2011 - Vol. 4 - No. 9
Author(s): Stephen B. Greenberg, MD
Community hospitals are less likely than academic health centers to have antimicrobial stewardship programs.
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Antibiotic Treatment Duration and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Early Lyme Disease From a Lyme Disease–Hyperendemic Area.
Posted Date: 8/15/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Family Medicine - August 15, 2010 - Vol. 37 - No. 12
Author(s): Mark F. Ditmar, MD
In a study of adults comparing antibiotic durations and long-term outcomes for Lyme disease, those treated ≤10 days had similar outcomes compared to those treated ≥16 days; treatment failures in both groups were exceedingly rare.
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Clinical and Economic Outcomes Attributable to Health Care-Associated Sepsis and Pneumonia.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Infectious Disease - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 03 - No. 06
Author(s): Stephen B. Greenberg, MD
The clinical and economic costs of health care-associated sepsis and pneumonia are substantial.
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Clinical and Economic Outcomes Attributable to Health Care-Associated Sepsis and Pneumonia.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Critical Care Medicine - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 15 - No. 05
Author(s): Lisa L. Maragakis, MD, MPH
There are substantial economic costs and clinical outcomes associated with health care-associated sepsis and pneumonia.
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Identification of Risk Factors for the Development of Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea Following Treatment of Polymicrobial Surgical Infections.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: General Surgery - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 37 - No. 10
Author(s): John A. Weigelt, MD
Age and severity of illness are the risk factors of C. difficile colitis in surgical patients.
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Improving Environmental Hygiene in 27 Intensive Care Units to Decrease Multidrug-Resistant Bacterial Transmission.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Critical Care Medicine - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 15 - No. 05
Author(s): Cynthia D. Brown, MD
Ongoing review and an education program can improve the thoroughness of ICU cleaning.
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Meta-Analysis of Trials Evaluating Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy for Skin and Soft Tissue Infections.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: General Surgery - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 37 - No. 10
Author(s): John A. Weigelt, MD
Antibiotic studies for complicated skin and soft tissue infections are lacking in rigor.
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Outbreaks of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) Among Long-Term-Care Facility Residents--Three States, 2009.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Infectious Disease - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 03 - No. 06
Author(s): Stephen B. Greenberg, MD
LTCF residents should receive seasonal influenza vaccination, and should be vaccinated against 2009 H1N1 after assessment of local vaccine availability indicates that demand among younger age groups is being met.
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Percent Body Fat and Prediction of Surgical Site Infection.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: General Surgery - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 37 - No. 10
Author(s): Todd A. Kellogg, MD
Obesity, as defined by percent body fat, is associated with a 5-fold increased SSI risk. %BF is a more sensitive and precise measurement of SSI risk than BMI.
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Preventing Surgical-Site Infections in Nasal Carriers of Staphylococcus aureus.
Posted Date: 5/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Family Medicine - May 30, 2010 - Vol. 37 - No. 08
Author(s): Mark E. Pasanen, MD
In nasal carriers of Staphylococcus aureus undergoing surgery, an aggressive eradication program reduces surgical site infections.
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Antibiotic Dosing for Acute Otitis Media in Children: A Weighty Issue.
Posted Date: 4/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Pediatrics - April 30, 2010 - Vol. 35 - No. 06
Author(s): Charles I. Schwartz, MD
Most children who are older tend to be given a lower than recommended dose of amoxicillin for AOM.
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Antibiotic Treatment Duration and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients With Early Lyme Disease From a Lyme Disease–Hyperendemic Area.
Posted Date: 4/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Pediatrics - April 30, 2010 - Vol. 35 - No. 06
Author(s): Mark F. Ditmar, MD
In a study of adults comparing antibiotic durations and long-term outcomes for Lyme disease, those treated ≤10 days had similar outcomes compared to those treated ≥16 days; treatment failures in both groups were exceedingly rare.
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Costs of Treating Children With Complicated Pneumonia: A Comparison of Primary Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery and Chest Tube Placement.
Posted Date: 4/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Pediatrics - April 30, 2010 - Vol. 35 - No. 06
Author(s): Lisa Humphrey, MD
The greater costs of a VATS in patients with complicated pneumonia is likely off-set by shorter length of stay and the need for further treatments and procedures making it equivalent in overall costs to chest tube placement alone.
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Diagnostic Performance of Urine Dipstick Testing in Children With Suspected UTI: A Systematic Review of Relationship With Age and Comparison With Microscopy.
Posted Date: 4/30/2010 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Pediatrics - April 30, 2010 - Vol. 35 - No. 06
Author(s): Beth A. Tarini, MD
Urine microscopy performs better than dipstick as a screening test for UTIs in children <1 year old.
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