Practical Reviews
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Increasing Tolerance of Hospital Enterococcus faecium to Handwash Alcohols.
Posted Date: 9/10/2018 2:47:00 PM
Issue: Dermatology - September 2018 - Vol. 35 - No. 3
Author(s): David L. Swanson, MD
Enterococcus faecium is evolving a resistance to alcohol-based handwashing precautions. In the near future, there may be a shift away from alcohol-based hand cleansing recommendations.
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Assessment of Tdap Vaccination Effectiveness in Adolescents in Integrated Health-Care Systems.
Posted Date: 8/24/2018 6:28:00 PM
Issue: Pediatrics - August 30, 2018 - Vol. 45 - No. 10
Author(s): Stacey Engster, MD, MSc
There was a higher tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccination effectiveness in adolescents who received the vaccine within the past 2 years, compared to those who did not.
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The Burden of Viruses in Pneumonia Associated With Acute Respiratory Failure: An Underappreciated Issue.
Posted Date: 7/17/2018 11:16:00 PM
Issue: Pathology - July 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 3
Author(s): Cherie Paquette, MD, MS

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Short-Course Antibiotic Therapy for Critically Ill Patients Treated for Postoperative Intra-Abdominal Infection: The DURAPOP Randomised Clinical Trial.
Posted Date: 7/17/2018 3:22:00 PM
Issue: Critical Care Medicine - July 30, 2018 - Vol. 25 - No. 5
Author(s): Thomas Metkus, MD
For critically ill patients after successful source control for intra-abdominal surgical infection, a shorter course of antibiotic therapy is associated with less antibiotic exposure and similar mortality rate.
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Diagnosis and Management of Conjunctivitis for the Dermatologist.
Posted Date: 7/17/2018 3:17:00 PM
Issue: Dermatology - July 30, 2018 - Vol. 35 - No. 1
Author(s): David L. Swanson, MD
Patients on dupilumab have an increased incidence of conjunctivitis.
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Diagnostic Usefulness of Varicella-Zoster Virus Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Analysis of DNA in Saliva and Plasma Specimens From Patients With Herpes Zoster.
Posted Date: 7/10/2018 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Family Practice - July 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 9
Author(s): Stacey R. Rose, MD

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Evidence for Mother-to-Child Transmission of Zika Virus Through Breast Milk.
Posted Date: 7/10/2018 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Family Practice - July 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 9
Author(s): David Greenberg, MD
Cryptic transmission of Zika virus from mother to child via breastfeeding can occur.
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Human Neonatal Rotavirus Vaccine (RV3-BB) to Target Rotavirus From Birth.
Posted Date: 7/10/2018 4:00:00 AM
Issue: Family Practice - July 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 9
Author(s): Charles I. Schwartz, MD, FAAP
A study evaluating the efficacy of an oral human neonatal rotavirus vaccine (RV3-BB) in preventing rotavirus gastroenteritis found RV3-BB to be effective in preventing severe gastroenteritis in the neonatal and infant schedule compared to placebo.
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Evidence-Based Use of Perioperative Antibiotics in Otolaryngology.
Posted Date: 6/27/2018 9:11:00 PM
Issue: Otolaryngology - HNS - June 30, 2018 - Vol. 29 - No. 4
Author(s): Mike Trowbridge, MD
Most otolaryngology procedures do not benefit by perioperative antibiotics, with the exception of complex head and neck procedures.
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Impact of Systemic Antibiotics on Staphylococcus aureus Colonization and Recurrent Skin Infection.
Posted Date: 6/25/2018 2:13:00 PM
Issue: Family Practice - June 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 8
Author(s): Mark F. Ditmar, MD
A study of 383 children who underwent incision and drainage of Staphylococcus aureus skin infections shows that the addition of systemic antibiotics leads to lower rates of both future colonization and recurrent infection.
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Effect of Antimicrobial Treatment on the Resolution of Middle-Ear Effusion After Acute Otitis Media.
Posted Date: 6/22/2018 5:14:00 PM
Issue: Pediatrics - June 30, 2018 - Vol. 45 - No. 7
Author(s): Gauri Raval, MD, MPH, FAAP
Treatment of acute otitis media with Augmentin does not reduce the time required for resolution of middle-ear effusion.
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Influenza and Risk of Later Celiac Disease: A Cohort Study of 2.6 Million People.
Posted Date: 6/15/2018 8:57:00 PM
Issue: Family Practice - June 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 7
Author(s): Michael M. Phillips, MD
After influenza infection, there is an increased risk of developing celiac disease.
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Long-Term Proton Pump Inhibitors and Risk of Gastric Cancer Development After Treatment for Helicobacter pylori: A Population-Based Study.
Posted Date: 6/15/2018 8:57:00 PM
Issue: Family Practice - June 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 7
Author(s): Michael M. Phillips, MD
Discourage long-term use of proton pump inhibitors after treatment for Helicobacter pylori Infection.
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The Impacts of Influenza Infection and Vaccination on Exacerbation of Myasthenia Gravis.
Posted Date: 6/15/2018 8:57:00 PM
Issue: Family Practice - June 30, 2018 - Vol. 47 - No. 7
Author(s): Karl E. Misulis, MD, PhD
Influenza has been found to be associated with a far greater incidence of myasthenia exacerbation than the influenza vaccine.
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Cost-Effectiveness of the Adjuvanted Herpes Zoster Subunit Vaccine in Older Adults.
Posted Date: 5/17/2018 9:57:00 PM
Issue: Internal Medicine - May 30, 2018 - Vol. 56 - No. 3
Author(s): William G. Weppner, MD, MPH, FACP

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Disinfection of Tonometers: A Report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Posted Date: 5/11/2018 7:06:00 PM
Issue: Ophthalmology - May 30, 2018 - Vol. 39 - No. 2
Author(s): Scott D. Smith, MD, MPH
Disinfection of reusable tonometer tips in sodium hypochlorite solution with 1:10 dilution effectively eliminates adenovirus and herpes simplex virus, the most common causes of nosocomial infections in eye care.
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Epidemiology of Bacteremia in Febrile Infants Aged 60 Days and Younger.
Posted Date: 5/11/2018 6:58:00 PM
Issue: Pediatrics - May 30, 2018 - Vol. 45 - No. 6
Author(s): Mark F. Ditmar, MD
In infants aged ≤28 days, the prevalence of bacteremia and meningitis is high and exceeds the rate found in infants aged 29 to 60 days.
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Human Neonatal Rotavirus Vaccine (RV3-BB) to Target Rotavirus From Birth.
Posted Date: 5/11/2018 6:58:00 PM
Issue: Pediatrics - May 30, 2018 - Vol. 45 - No. 6
Author(s): Charles I. Schwartz, MD, FAAP
A study evaluating the efficacy of an oral human neonatal rotavirus vaccine (RV3-BB) in preventing rotavirus gastroenteritis found RV3-BB to be effective in preventing severe gastroenteritis in the neonatal and infant schedule compared to placebo.
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Reference Values for Young Infants Undergoing Lumbar Puncture.
Posted Date: 4/25/2018 6:41:00 PM
Issue: Otolaryngology - HNS - April 30, 2018 - Vol. 29 - No. 2
Author(s): Paul Rega, MD, FACEP
Infants aged ≤28 days have higher cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white blood cell counts, higher CSF protein concentrations, and lower CSF glucose concentrations than do infants aged 29 to 60 days.
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