Practical Reviews

MRI Findings of Shoulder, Elbow Unique to Throwing Athletes

Objective: To provide a comprehensive review of the biomechanics, pathophysiology, and imaging findings of the pathology affecting the shoulders and elbows of overhead-throwing athletes to help radiologists establish accurate diagnosis to facilitate proper management of these patients. Discussion: Throwing motion – There are 6 phases of the overhead throw, detailed and illustrated in the article. Of note, the third phase (late cocking) is implicated in posterior internal impingemen more...
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